Bay Mills Community College (BMCC), as a Tribally Controlled College, is honored to be one of four land grant institutions serving the people of the State of Michigan. In 1862, the First Morrill Act was passed by congress and signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln, establishing “land-grant colleges” by providing federal lands to the states to be sold to support colleges of agriculture and mechanical arts. These original Land Grant Colleges are referred to as the “1862 institutions”, represented in Michigan by Michigan State University. Land grant system institutions were originally mandated to:
“…without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in such manner as the legislatures of the states may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life.” https://www.nal.usda.gov/morrill-land-grant-college-act
The Second Morrill Act of 1890, established land grant status and support for Historically Black Serving Institutions, commonly referred to as the “1890 institutions”. Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs), including BMCC, were granted land grant status and support in 1994 with passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Reauthorization Act. Referred to as the “1994 institutions”, TCUs are expected to deliver education, research, and extension services to members of Federally Recognized Tribes and their neighbors.
The primary federal partner and funder of the land grant system is the United States Department of Agriculture’s - National Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA).
For a more detailed history of the land grant system, refer to this link provided by the Association of Public and Land Grant Universities (APLU).
At present, Bay Mills Community College land grant activities focus on education, extension, and research endeavors in the areas of:
1. Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems;
2. Health Promotion;
3. Recruiting and Retention; and
4. Community Development.
The home for sustainable agriculture and food system work is BMCC’s Waishkey Bay Farm; health promotion related activities are primarily located at BMCC’s Mukwa Health and Fitness Education Center; while community development and recruiting and retention efforts are shared by numerous departments across campus.
Bay Mills Community College has been both an initiator and collaborator in research activity. When BMCC faculty and staff serve as principal investigators (PIs), and BMCC is the lead institution on a research project, the BMCC Institutional Review Board (IRB) policies and procedures are utilized. In cases where BMCC faculty and staff are collaborators on a research project led by another institution or agency, BMCC relies on the IRB process of the lead institution or agency.
Research conducted by constituencies which are external to BMCC (colleges and universities, public or for-profit agencies) which takes place within the Bay Mills Indian Community, or involves members of the Bay Mills Indian Community, or faculty, staff, or students at BMCC, must adhere to the IRB requirements of the sponsoring institution (not BMCC) and receive permission from the Bay Mills Indian Community Executive Council or BMCC IRB Administrator to conduct such research. Researchers from BMCC must also receive approval to conduct research within the Bay Mills Indian Community, or any other applicable jurisdiction. Generally, external researchers seeking approval to conduct research involving BMCC faculty, staff, or students must provide at minimum to BMCC their project introduction, methodology, copies of data collection tools, and proof of IRB approval from their home institution for consideration.
For inquiries regarding research at BMCC, please contact BMCC IRB Administrator, Dr. Steve Yanni.Check back soon for summaries of current and past research projects involving BMCC faculty, staff, or students.